Category Korea

Symptoms & Illnesses in Korean Part 2

symptoms & illnesses in korean

Here is part 2 of our sicknesses & illnesses vocabulary. You may need to use some of these if you’re ever in the hospital in Korea.

Korean vocabulary used in this graphic:

고혈압 (go-hyeol-ab) = High blood pressure

저혈압 (jeo-hyeol-ab) = Low blood pressure

뇌진탕 (nweh-jin-tang) = Concussion

당뇨병 (dang-nyo-byeong) = Diabetes

수술 (su-sul) = Surgery

무좀 (mu-jom) = Athlete’s Foot

설사 (seol-sa) = Diarrhea

귀통 (gwi-tong) = Earache

질환 (jil-hwan) = Disease

생리통 (saeng-ri-tong) = Menstrual Cramps

궤양 (gweh-yang) = Ulcer

재채기 (jae-chae-gi) = Sneeze

 

Symptoms & Illnesses in Korean

Illnesses & Sickness Korean Vocabulary

This will be part one of a 3 part series on sickness and symptoms in Korean. Knowing these can be very helpful if you need to go to the hospital in Korea. These are also just good to know in general.

Korean vocabulary in this graphic:

감기 (gan-gi) = A cold

독감 (dok-gam) = Flu

두통 (du-tong) = Headache

치통 (chi-tong) = Toothache

복통 (bok-tong) = Stomachache

구토 (gu-to) = Vomiting

변비 (byeon-bi) = Constipation

열 (yeol) = Fever

고열 (go-yeol) = High fever

기침 (gi-chim) = Cough

콧물 (kot-mul) = Runny nose

암 (am) = Cancer

Note that in Korean, there are ways to say “I caught the flu/cold”. We can say:

감기 걸렸어요 (gam-gi geol-lyeo-sseo-yo) = I caught a cold.

독감 걸렸어요 (dok-gam geol-lyeo-sseo-yo) = I caught the flu.

 

Pronouncing the Hangul Alphabet (Consonants)

Pronouncing the Hangul Alphabet (Consonants)

 

Pronouncing the Hangul Alphabet (Consonants)

Many people learning Korean know how to pronounce vowls of the Hangul alphabet because they sound just like they are written. However, knowing how to pronounce the consonants is less well known. Hopefully this helps you all out. Graphic form is above and we’ve also written them below.

ㄱ = 기역 (gi-yeok)

ㄲ = 쌍기역 (ssang-giyeok)

ㄴ = 니은 (ni-eun)

ㄷ = 디귿 (di-geut)

ㄸ = 쌍디귿 (ssang-di-geut)

ㄹ = 리을 (ri-eul)

ㅁ = 미음 (mi-eum)

ㅂ = 비읍 (bi-eub)

ㅃ = 쌍비읍 (ssang-bi-eub)

ㅅ = 시옷 (si-ot)

ㅆ = 쌍시옷 (ssang-si-ot)

ㅇ = 이응 (i-eung)

ㅈ = 지읒 (ji-eut)

ㅉ = 쌍찌읒 (ssang-jji-eut)

ㅊ = 치읓 (chi-eut)

ㅋ = 키읔 (ki-euk)

ㅌ = 티읕 (ti-eut)

ㅍ = 피읖 (pi-eup)

ㅎ = 히읗 (hi-eut)

Describing Weeks in Korean

Describing weeks in korean

Just like in English and other languages, you should know how describe weeks by saying things like this week, last week, and so on. You will hear these frequently spoken in Korean so knowing these will help your vocabulary a lot. Graphic above and w’ve also written them below.

주 (ju) = Week

지난주 (ji-nan-ju) = Last week

지지난주 (ji-ji-nan-ju) = Week before last

이번주 (i-beon-ju) = This week

다음주 (da-eum-ju) = Next week

다다음주 (da-da-eum-ju) = Week after next week

주말 (ju-mal) = Weekend

평일 (pyeong-il) = Weekdays

매주 (mae-ju) = Every week

Counting Days in Korean

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Counting Days in Korean may seem difficult at first, but if you practice and study, you will be able to remember these words easily. Graphic is above and we have written them below.

하루 (ha-ru) = One day

이틀 (i-teul) = Two days

사흘 (sa-heul) = Three days

나흘 (na-heul) = Four days

닷새 (dat-sae) =  Five days

엿새 (yeot-sae) = Six days

이레 (i-re) = Seven days

여드레 (yeo-deu-re) = Eight days

아흐레 (a-heu-re) = Nine days

열흘 (yeol-heul) = Ten days

 

Spicy Food

Spicy food in Korea

I love a lot of spicy food in Korea. There are some “problems” a few hours after eating it, but worth it.

Making Words Cute or Casual in Korean

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These ways of making Korean words casual or cute is very common and used by lots of people. You may have seen some of your Korean friends using these and been confused…well now you know! Try using some of these yourself. And Happy Hangul Day! We have also written them below.

Adding “ㅇ” as the final consonant:

Why? = 왜? (wae) –> 왱? (waeng)

Yes = 네 (ne) –> 넹 (neng)

Pretty = 이쁘다 (i-ppeu-da) –> 이쁘당 (i-ppeu-dang)

Adding “ㅁ” or “음”

No = 아니야 (a-ni-ya) –> 아니얌 (a-ni-yam)

Older man (to women) = 오빠야 (o-ppa-yam) –> 오빠얌 (o-ppa-yam)

Good = 좋아요 (jo-a-yo) –> 좋아염 (jo-a-yeom)