Ah coffee. One of, if not the most popular drinks in the world. It’s interesting that when I first came to Korea in 2009, coffee still wasn’t as big as it is now. Now, you can see coffee shops everywhere. It’s almost to the point where I think there are too many coffee shops around.
So how do you say coffee in Korean? It’s actually really simple and easy to remember.
커피 (keo-pi) = coffee
It’s a Konglish form of the English word coffee so you can see how the Korean word sounds similar. Remember, there’s no sound similar to the f sound in Korean, so lots of times, the consonant ㅍ is used to mimic the f sound.
So what if you went to a coffee shop and wanted to order a cup of joe?
커피 주세요 (keo-pi ju-se-yo) = Please give me some coffee.
커피 한잔 주세요 (keo-pi han-jan ju-se-yo) = Please give me a cup/glass of coffee.
These phrases also apply to other drinks you can order at the coffee shop. Just replace coffee with your drink of choice.
Here are some other related coffee words:
카페 (ka-pe) = cafe
커피 샵 (keo-pi shyap) = coffee shop
커피 콩 (keo-pi kong) = coffee bean
커피 메이커 = (keo-pi me-i-keo) = coffee maker
블랙 커피 (beul-laek keo-pi) = black coffee
바리스타 (ba-ri-seu-ta) = barista
And there you have it! Enjoy your daily cup of coffee.
How many of you like jewelry? There are many different kinds of jewelry with gold being one of the most popular. So let’s find out how to say gold in Korean!
Unlike English, there is a slight difference when referring the the metal itself and the color. If you’re not familiar with Korean colors, you should know that 색 is usually added on to mark the word as a color. So for gold, the color itself would be 금색. 금 is the word for gold. Really simple right?
So how would you say something like “the gold bag” or “the gold necklace”?
Let’s take a look at some examples below:
금색 가방 (geum-saek ga-bang) = the gold bag
금색 목걸이 (geum-saek mok-geo-li) = the gold necklace
금색 반지 (geum-saek ban-ji) = the gold ring
So you simply add 금색 in front of the noun you want to describe. This pretty much applies to all colors with some exceptions (too long to go into in this post).
*Always remember that learning to read and pronounce hangul is always better than romanization!*
So while trying to think of a new post for the blog, we realized we have never done a post on telling time in Korean. We did do a post on time words here awhile back so this will help with that post as well.
For time in Korean, there are two sets of numbers used. They are the native Korean numbers and sino Korean numbers. For telling hours, you will want to use the native Korean numbers. For minutes, you will use the sino Korean numbers. So for example, if we wanted to say 1:05, we would say:
한 시 오분 (han si o-bun)
You can see “한” which is the number one in native Korean and then “시” which is used as a time counter for hours. After that you will see “오분”. “오” is the number 5 in sino Korean and “분” is a time counter for minutes.
We would say:
열덟 시 삼십사분 (yeol-deol si sam-sip-sa-bun)
Now if you want to say something like it’s two o’clock, then you would add “이예요” or “예요” depending on if the last letter is a vowel or a consonant.
It’s 3 o’clock = 세 시예요 (se si-ye-yo)
It’s 4:45 = 네 시 사십오분이예요 (ne si sa-sip-o-bun-i-ye-yo)
Colors can be a very complicated thing to learn in Korean. For starters, there are many words for the same color and each one has a different feeling when used. We’re not going to get too in depth about those in this post, but we will be releasing an ebook soon that will go in more in depth into colors.
For today, let’s just talk about the color red.
If you see the above word 빨간색, this is the standard noun form for the color red. So, if you just wanted to refer to the color itself, you would use this form. So just using the form 빨간색 would mean “the color red”. The syllable 색 acts as a noun modifier and means color.
Here is an example of how you could use it in a sentence.
빨간색 좋아해요. (I like the color red.)
Confusingly, there is another way to add a noun modifier. Let’s look at another version of the color red:
This is another noun form of the color red and often gets confused with the one above. You will hear and see many people using 빨강색 which is incorrect. Used by itself, it would also mean “the color red”.
Here is another example sentence using this form:
빨강 좋아해요. (bbal-gan jo-a-hae-yo) = I like the color red.
Now, let’s talk about the adjective forms of the color red.
As you can see here, this adjective form uses the base color word that you saw in the first example.
색 is not needed here as we are now not using the color as a noun, but as an adjective. So how would we use this to describe things? Let’s take a look:
빨간 사과 (bbal-gan sa-gwa) = The red apple
빨간 토마토 (bbal-gan to-ma-to) = The red tomato
빨간 트럭 (bbal-gan teu-reok) = The red truck
To put it simply, we just add this in front of whatever it is we are describing. Let’s take a look at the other adjective form of the color red. Also note that adding 색 (빨간색 사과) is still acceptable as they mean the same thing, however, using the forms in the 3 examples above are considered grammatically correct.
The literal meaning of this is “to be red”. If you want to state that something IS red, then you would use this. You can also conjugate this just like you would any other Korean adjective or verb. Here is an example:
자동차 빨갛다. (ja-dong-cha bbal-ga-tta) = The car is red.
It is an irregular descriptive verb, so it changes slightly when it is conjugated. This book is not focusing on grammar too much, so if you’re not familiar with verb conjugations quite yet, don’t get scared about them at this moment.
And that’s it! We will be doing more explanations of individual colors in future posts. in the meantime, learn some other basic colors from an earlier blog post of ours here.